Cheyenne Dictionary

 ages

ages

-éna'he   vai. be old. See: -nonó'homȧhtahe; -háa'éhahe; -mȧhovahe. É-éna'he. He is old. Phon: cf. é-na'he 'he was killed'; na'he 'three' tsé-éna'hese the aged ones/the elderly. Category: ages.

-éna'heotse   vai. become old. É-éna'heotse. He has become old. Category: ages.

énoehnohtsėstse   na. youngest child. See: ma'ko'se. Lit: end-born-one Category: ages.

-éšeame   vai. have such a number birthday. É-he-éšeame. He's three years old today. Category: ages.

-éšee'e   vai. grow. É-éšee'e He grew up. Éase-éšee'e. He's starting to grow. Ééše-éšee'e. He has grown up. Éame-éšee'e. He is growing. tsémóne-éšeese young people. Phon: vs See: -éšeeotse; éše-; éx-; -nóvee'e; -ameéšee'e; -nėševee'e. Category: ages.

-éšeeotse   vai. become grown up. É-éšeeotse. He grew up. See: -éšee'e. Category: ages.

-éšeéšee'éhahe   vai. grown age - fully, fully grown age. É-éšeéšee'éhahe. He is of a fully grown age. See: -éšee'e; -háa'éhahe. Category: ages.

-éšė-hetaneve   vai. already be a man. É-éšėhetaneve He has become a man. Category: ages.

-háa'éahe   vai. be old. See: -éna'he. É-háa'éahe He is old. Category: ages. Non-contracted -háa'éhahe.

-háa'éhahe   vai. old, older. É-háa'éhahe. He is old/he is older/he is an elder. tsé-háa'éhaestse the elder. tsé-háa'éhahese the elders. Contracted -háa'éahe; Reduplicated -hátaa'éhahe, -tó'ėhahe; Antonym -tšėhe'kéhahe. See: -éšeéšee'éhahe. Category: ages.

-hátaa'éahe   vai. be elders. only used in pl. É-hátaa'éaheo'o They are elders. Phon: redup Non-contracted -hátaa'éhahe. Category: ages.

-hátaa'éhahe   vai. be old. redup; only used in plural. É-hátaa'éhaheo'o They are elders. tsé-hátaa'éhahese the oldest ones (1987:170). Non-reduplicated -háa'éhahe; Contracted -hátaa'éahe. Phon: redup See: -tó'ėhahe. Category: ages.

-he-aéname   vai. have a birthday. Éhe-aéname. It's his birthday (lit. he has a year). Synonym -he-éšeame. Lit: have a year See: -aénamá. Category: ages.

he'éka'ėškóéso   na. Gram: dim na. little girl. Category: ages. Lit: female-child-DIM Plural he'éka'ėškóesono ??; Obviative he'éka'ėškóesono ??.

he'éka'ėškóne   na. girl. Lit: female-child Plural he'éka'ėškóneho; Obviative he'éka'ėškóneho; Diminutive he'éka'ėškónėhéso. Category: ages.

he'éka'ėškónėhéso   na. little girl, girl -little. Plural he'éka'ėškónėhesono; Obviative he'éka'ėškónėhesono; non-dim: he'éka'ėškóne. Category: ages.

-he'xóve'éhahe   vai. such age. Énė-he'xóve'éhahe. He is of that age. Category: ages.

hetane   na. man. Plural hetaneo'o; Obviative hetanóho. See comments under hetanéka'ėškóne. In former days hetane would not be applied to a male until he was approx. 30 years old; today the label is often applied at approx. 20years of age. Final -tane; Feminine hē'e. Etym: *elenyiwa man. Category: people, ages.

hetanéka'ėškóne   na. boy. Plural hetanéka'ėškóneho; Obviative hetanéka'ėškóneho; Antonym he'éka'ėškóne. Lit: man-child English marks gender (masculine or feminine) in words at a younger age than does Cheyenne; the English sequence of age/gender names is 'baby'; 'boy/girl'; 'man/woman'; the Cheyenne sequence is mé'ėševȯtse 'baby'; ka'ėškóne 'child'; kȧsovááhe/kȧse'ééhe'young man/young woman'; hetane/hē'e 'man/woman'; ma'háhkése/mȧhtamȧhááhe 'old man/old woman'. Category: ages.

-hóto'e'ov   vta. 1 • walk single file with s.o., walk Indian file with s.o. can esp. refer to when a wife follows her husband while walking. É-hóto'e'ovóho. He walked single file with him. É-hóto'e'óvȧhtseo'o. They are walking single file. See: -hó'e'ov follow s.o.; -hóto'e'ov. Category: walk.

2 • so apart in age from s.o. Naa tséxheaénaméstove na'heāā'e ná-hóto'e'óvȧhtséme. And according to the ages (years), we are three years apart. [1987:32] Category: ages.

ka'kóéso   na. little child, toddler. Usage: typically a nickname; also term of endearment; colloq.; baby talk var: ka'kóóhe; Plural ka'kóesono. See: ka'ėškóne; ka'eóne; kátsé'késo; mó'kėsóéstse. Category: ages.

ka'kóóhe   na. little child, toddler. Usage: baby talk var: ka'kóéso. Category: ages.

kȧse'ééhe   na. young woman, teenage female. Plural kȧse'éeheho; Obviative kȧse'éeheho; Diminutive kȧse'éehéso; Masculine kȧsováahe. See: kȧso'ee'e kettle. Category: people, ages.

-kȧse'éehéheve   vai. be a young woman. É-éšekȧse'éehéheve. She has become a woman; she is pubescent. Category: ages.

kȧse'éehéso   na. young teenage girl. Plural kȧse'éehesono; AlternatePlural kȧse'éehésoneho; Obviative kȧse'éehesono; nondim: kȧse'ééhe; Antonym kȧsováahēso. Category: ages.

-kȧse'éehésonėheve   vai. young teenage girl - be a. Mó'éše-kȧse'éehésonėhevėhéhe. She was a young teenager. [1987:254] Category: ages.

kásé'késo   na. little girl. var: kátsé'éso; Plural kásé'kėsóno. See: kátsé'e. Category: ages.

kȧsóéso   na. little boy, boy little. a term of endearment. See: kȧsóestse. Category: ages.

kȧsóéstse   na. little boy, boy - little. See: kȧsóéso; ka'kóéso; kȧsóhéso; kátsé'e; kȧsovááhe. Usage: slang; term of endearment; child talk Category: ages.

kȧsóhéso   na. little boy. Usage: colloq. term of endearment See: kȧsóéstse. Category: ages.

kȧsováahēso   na. pre-teenager. See: kȧse'éeheso. Category: ages.

kȧsováahésóne   na. male teenager, teenage male. Plural kȧsováahésoneho; Non-diminutive kȧsovááhe. Category: ages.

kátsé'e   na. little girl. Usage: slang; colloq. term of endearment Plural kátse'eo'o. See: kásé'e; kȧsóestse; kȧsóhéso. Category: ages.

kátsé'késo   na. Gram: dim little girl. Plural kátsé'kėsóno. Ques: RECHECK PLURAL PITCHES?? var: kásé'késo. See: ka'kóéso. Category: ages.

ketaehe   na. boy. endearing name. Usage: od See: mó'kėsóéstse. Category: ages.

mȧhtamȧháahé-   pv. old woman. Category: ages.

mȧhtamȧhááhe   na. old woman, old lady. var: tamȧhááhe. The shorter variant tamȧhááhe is used by many younger speakers today. Plural mȧhtamȧháaheho; Obviative mȧhtamȧháaheho; Masculine ma'háhkéso. Etym: *metemihsehsihsikwa (Pi); cf. *metemwehsihsa (dim.); cf. F metemo:ha. Category: ages, people.

mȧhtamȧháhkéso   na. little old woman (dim.) Morph: /mahtamaháhkesó/. Plural mȧhtamȧháhkėseho; Obviative mȧhtamȧháhkėseho. Category: ages.

-mȧhtóhtȯheaénamá   vai. be ten years old. É-mȧhtóhtȯheaénáma. He is ten years old. Category: ages.

ma'háéso   na. old man. Diminutive ma'háhkéso. Morph: /ma'háesón/. Category: ages.

ma'ko'sá'e   1 • na. youngest child (when a girl).

2 • pn. Youngest Girl Child. Masculine ma'kō'se. Category: ages.

ma'kō'se   na. youngest child (when it's a boy). sometimes thought to have sacred powers, as described in some Cheyenne legends; often believed to be smart, wise, since he can get the accumulated knowledge of his older siblings. See: -má'ko'seo'o. Obviative ma'ko'séhneva; Feminine ma'ko'sá'e; Simplified Spelling makos, makus. Category: people, ages, family.

-ménotó'kėhnóehné   vai. bear children close together. É-ménotó'kėhnóehneo'o. They have their children close together in age. Category: ages, babies.

mó'kėsóéstse   na. boy. endearing term. Usage: od See: ka'kóéso; ketaehe. Category: ages.

-móneéšee'e   vai. recently grow, be young. tsé-móneéšeese young people (lit. those who are recently growing; 1987:10). Phon: vs Category: ages.

móneéšetane   na. young person. Lit: recently-grow-person Plural móneéšetaneo'o; Final -tane. Category: ages.

mónekȧse'ééhe   na. single (unmarried) young woman; teenage girl. See: kȧse'ééhe; móné'e. Category: ages.

mónekȧsováahe   na. single (unmarried) young man, teenage boy. See: kȧsovááhe. Category: ages.

-nėhe'éhahe   vai. so old; such age. É-nėhe'éahe. He is of that age. [1987:99] Phon: contracts to -nėhe'éahe Category: ages.

-nėhe'xóve'éhahéotse   vai. become of such age. Nátaéšeto'se-nėhe'xóve'éhahéotse I'm almost up to that age. [BERTHA.TXT] Category: ages.

-nėhestȯhe-aénáma   vai. be so many years old; that many years old. Hétsetseha vé'só'eametanénėstse Ho'néoxháaestse na'nóhtȯhnó'e hóhtȧhnésȯhtoha éme'-nėhestȯheaénáma. Now if Jim One Bear (Brave Wolf) were still living, he would be 87 years old. (1987:32). Category: ages.

-nėhetó'ėhahe   vai. such age, that age. É-nėhetó'ėhahe. He is that age. See: -nėhe'éahe; -séetó'ėhahe. Category: ages.

-néveaénamá   vai. four years old - be. É-néveaénáma. He is four years old. Category: numbers, ages.

-néveéše'hamá   vai. be four months old, be four months along in pregnancy. Éta-néveéše'hāma. He is four months old. Category: ages.

-no'keaénamá   vai. be one year old. É-no'keaénáma He is one year old. Category: numbers, ages.

-no'keéše'hamá   vai. be one month old. É-no'keéše'hāma He is one month old. Category: numbers, ages.

-nóvee'e   vai. mature slowly, slow to mature; late maturing. É-nóvee'e. He's slow in maturing. Antonym -néhee'e. Phon: vs See: -éšee'e. Category: ages.

-séetó'ėhahe   vai. be the same age. É-séetó'ėhaheo'o They are the same age. Synonym -vé'ėhahe. Category: ages.

sétóve tsénėhe'éhahese   the middle-aged ones. Category: ages.

sóohtȯhe-   pv. nine. É-sóohtȯheaéneve. He is nine years old. Category: ages.

-sóohtȯheaénamá   vai. nine years old - be. É-soóhtȯheaénáma. He is nine years old. Category: ages.

tamȧhááhe   na. old woman, old lady. Contracted pronunciation of younger speakers today; the traditional pronunciation is mȧhtamȧhááhe. var: mȧhtamȧhááhe. Category: ages.

-tó'kėhahe   vai. be young. Morph: /-tó'kéhahe/. Phon: redup Likely only used with pl. subjects. See: -tó'ėhahe. Non-reduplicated -tšėhe'kéhahe; Synonym -mónahe. É-tó'kėhaheo'o. He is young. tsé-tó'kėhahese the younger ones. Category: ages.

-tóne'éhahe   vai. how old?, however old - be. É-tóne'éhahe? How old is he? tséstanėše-tóne'éhahéto as I grew up in years. See: -tónėstȯheaénamá. Category: ages.

-tónėstȯheaénamá   vai. how old. É-tónėstȯheaénáma? How many years old is he? Móhmóne-tónėstȯheaénamȧhéhe. She was sometime in early age. [1987:21] Category: numbers, ages.

-tónėstȯheéše'hamá   vai. how many months. esp. how old, or how far along in pregnancy. É-tónėstȯheéše'hāma. How many months old is he?/How many months along (for example, in pregnancy) is she? Category: ages.

tsé-haa'éhaestse   vai. Gram: cj Gram: ppl elder. Plural tsé-hátaa'éhahese. Category: ages.

tsé-hátaa'éhahese   vai. Gram: cj Gram: ppl Gram: pl elders. See: tsé-háa'éhaestse elder. Category: ages.

tsé-móneéšee'ėstse   cj. young person. Lit: one who is recently grown Plural tsé-móneéšeese. See: kȧsovááhe; kȧse'ééhe. Category: ages.

-tšėhe'kéahe   vai. be young. É-tšėhe'kéahe. He is young. Non-contracted -tšėhe'kéhahe. Naa tséstšėhe'kéahéto ná'ȯhkėhetȯhomó'heohe. And when I was little I danced like that. Category: ages.

-tšėhe'kéahévenóohe   vai. young - look, look young. Nésó'-tšėhe'kéahévenóohe. You still look young. fai: -nóohe. Category: ages.

-tšėhe'kéhahe   vai. young, younger. Contracted -tšėhe'kéahe. É-tšėhe'kéhahe. He is young. Nésó'-tšėhe'kéhahe. You're still young. tsé-tšėhe'kéhaestse the youngest/younger one. tsé-tšėhe'kéhahese the younger ones. Reduplicated -tó'ėhahe. See: -háa'éhahe; -mónahe. Category: ages.

-vé'ėhahe   vai. be of the same age. É-vé'ėhahe He is of the same age. Synonym -séetó'ėhahe. Category: ages.

-vé'ėhahém   vta. be of the same age as s.o. É-vé'ėhahemo. He is the same age as him. Ná-vé'ėhahémo. I am the same age as him. Category: ages.